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Area: 12.284 million square kilometers
Population: 2.62 million. Tibet, a rich and beautiful land, is located at the main part of Qinghai-Tibet plateau, south-West frontier of China. Tibet borders with Sichuan, Yuannan, Qinghai And Xinjiang; to the south contiguous to India, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan and Burma, and bounded by Kashmir on the west.

When the word Tibet is mentioned something icy chils the readers' nerves. In fact it snows only once or twice in a year and owing to the perpetuity of bright sunshine, it is not at all cold during the daytime even in the coldest of the winter. Tibet is so sunny that it produces a year-round sunshine of over 3,000 hours in a year. Its old name-"land of snow"--the name by which Tibet is almost popularly known as, is always thickly covered with snow with hardly any signs Of inhabitation. In fact, it is correct only when it is referred to the world greatest ranges located in Ima, the Tisi, and like. These ranges, run by leaps and bounds across the country showing their beautiful snow covered peaks against the bluest of skies.

Geographically, Tibet can be divided into three major parts, the east, north and south. The eastern part is forest region, occupying approximately one-fourth of the land. Virgin forests run The entire breadth and length of this part of Tibet. The northern part is open grassland, where nomads and yak and sheep dwell here. This part occupies approximately half of Tibet. The southern and central part is agricultural region, occupying about one-fourth of Tibet's land area. with all major Tibetan cities and towns such as Lhasa, Shigatse, Gyantse ad Tsetang located in this area, it is considered the cultural center of tibet. The total area of the Tibet Autonomous Region is 1,200,000 square kilometers and its population is 1,890,000. The region is administratively divided into one municipality and six prefectures. The municipality is Lhasa, while the six prefectures are Shigatse, Ngari, Lhaoka, Chamdo, Nakchu and Nyingtri (kongpo). The People's Government of the Tibet Autonomous Region exercises the highest administrative authority in Tibet.

Geography: Tibet Autonomous Region, as the main part of the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau, is located in the southwestern border area of China between east longitude 78° 25' - 90° 06' and north latitude 26° 50' - 36° 53'. It has a common boundary with some other provinces or autonomous regions such as Yunnan, Sichuan, Qinghai and Xinjiang. It is bounded on the west by the Kashmir Zone, and borders on some countries and areas in South and Southeast Asia, namely Myanmar (Burma), India, Bhutan, Sikkim and Nepal.

Natural Resources: Tibet has a diversified physiognomy, with mountains, desert, grassland and forests, and is one of the largest grassland and forest areas in China. But its soil resources are unevenly distributed. Tibet has a large quantity of plants and animals resources. Numerous rivers and lakes produce 2 billion-kilowatts of electricity, accounting for 30% of the whole country's output. There is considerable terrestrial, solar and wind energy. Up to 90 kinds of mineral resources have been discovered, and 30 kinds of them have proven reserves, but the province has difficulty in exploiting the potential deposits. Additionally, Tibet is rich in tourism resources.

Economy: The Tibetan economy has developed in recent years. In 2000, the GDP was 11.746 billion Yuan, the total gross output value of industry and farming, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery was 6.95 billion Yuan, and the per capita GDP 4,559 Yuan. The total value of imports and exports in Tibet in 2000 reached 130.29 million US dollars. Government revenue was more than 6,898.05 million Yuan, and the output of grain was about 962,243 tons. At present, farming and animal husbandry are the major industries in Tibet. The gross output of farming, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery accounted for 73.67% of the total gross output value of industry and farming, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery in 2000. But productivity is very low, and manual farming and animal husbandry are still the primary pattern. Although in some areas near cities, a few machines are used for agricultural purposes, manpower and animal power are still applied in plowing the land. So agricultural production is neither high nor stable. In Tibet, the industry sector is quite small in size and diversity; it is characterized by extensive management at low efficiency.

People: The Tibetan people perciive their country as a sacred cosmos, a holy landscape guarded by mighty gods and filled with centers of ritual and mystical power. Within this lanscape, ecery building, and every deed is charged with religious significance. Mountains are often the seatd of awe-inspiring deitees, their caves places for meditation, and their winding trails emblematic of the path to enlightenment. By marking the landscape with cairns, inscriptions, rock paintings, banners, and votive offerings, Tibetans perpentually reinvent their world, reaffirming the lives of the ancient saints and sages whose heroic acts infused the universe with potent spiritual meaning.

Artists and craftspeople typucally worked for monssteries and temples , their finest products finding a tresdured  place in shrines, chapels,  and monastic libraries.Sculptures were carved and cast for wordhi; precious metals were hammered into lamps and incense burnerd for temple altars;masks were made for religious processions; and fine fabrics and embroideried- usually imported from India and China- were used to clothe images  or to line the scrkoll paintings that play a jey role in Tibetan devotional life. This religious artistic activity continues today, though on a reduced scale in Tibet itself since the depredations of the early period of Communist Chinese occupation.

Religious images play a very important role inBuddhism. Sculptures are not simply reminderd of cosmic realitied or mementos of the Buddha and thegreat teachers of the past. Rather, each sculpture is a living presence, and actual embodiment of what it rpresents. In Tibet and elsewhere, objects may be placed inside images in the courde of their consecration in order to transform them from mundane raw materials- copper alloy in the case of most Tibetan sculpture- into living realities. Deosits in immages vary enormously, but generally they include small scrolls with written or printed prayers and mystic siagrams ralating to the deity or person depicted in the sculpture. One crucial element is a shaft or sliver of wood (sogshing), a “tree of life”that serves as the living”axis” of the sculpture. Imaged of historic individuala will also contai a relic relating directly to the deceased – often a small pieces of ash collected after his of her cremation.

Once a sculptur has thus been “bruough to life”, it id reated like a living being. Images, as a result, are usually clothed, pace on a seat, and predented with foof, water, and other gifts.Offering-cakes are made of butter and tsampa (roasted barley flour), but cakes of painted clay are also offered. A crucial part of worshi is the lighting of buter lamps- there may be dozens of such lamps berore the most imprtant and popular sacred images.

Like sculptures, Tibetan paintings on cloth scrolls (thangks) are not simply decorative. They depict deities, sacred beings, or asints and are brought to life by dedicatory prayers written on the reverse; sometimes the handprintd of the Lama who performed the dedication were added.

People's life: Based on the statistics at the end of 2000, about 1.2418 million people worked as employees, accounting for 47.40% of the total population in Tibet. The total wage bill of staff and workers was 2,320.07 million Yuan, and the per capita yearly wage was 14,976 Yuan. The annual per capita net income of rural residents was 1,331 Yuan. The annual per capita disposable income of urban residents was 6,448 Yuan. Per capita consumption of all residents on average was 1,823 Yuan, for rural residents 1,144 Yuan, and urban residents 4,737 Yuan. In terms of health facilities, for every 10,000 persons there were 17.62 hospital beds and 20.94 doctors.

Education: At the end of 2000, Tibet had four universities with 5,475 enrolled students and 813 teachers, about 110 secondary schools with 61,817 students and 5,048 teachers, and 842 primary schools with 313,807 pupils and 13,181 teachers. Tibet's people have a relatively lower educational level than that of other provinces or regions, with a large number of illiterates and semi-illiterates. In 2000, The illiterate rate was 32.50% which was the highest in China. The weakness in the educational infrastructure and the lack of advanced and intermediate professionals and staff are major problems in Tibet. In 2000, the enrollment rate of school-age children was 85.80% and which was the lowest in China.